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Discover the Future of Tech: What are the Leading Programming Languages of 2023?

May 12, 2023business community, IT development, job market, Poland, Recruitment, Recruitment in Eastern Europe, work abroad0 comments

Big city

It’s Code Time!

The world is experiencing rapid changes, the digital landscape is evolving and it comes as no surprise that the demand for tech-savvy people is increasing every day. It is fundamental for any business to adapt to these changes in order to stay competitive.

Selecting a programming language for any project requires extensive research of its features. It also depends on what technologies are trending on the market. In today’s blog we would like to make decision making for both our clients and candidates one step easier. Check out the list of the trendiest technology breakthroughs to watch out for.

Python holds the top spot as the most widely used programming language worldwide in 2023, as per the Github PYPL Index. Java is the most googled technology in 80 out of 162 countries and has a market share of over 50%. Languages like Swift, Rust and Go are showing an increase.


Rank Language Share Trend
1 Python 27.27% -0.5%
2 Java 16.35% -1.6%
3 JavaScript 9.52% +0.2%
4 C# 6.92% -0.3%
5 C/C++ 6.55% -0.4%
6 PHP 5.1% -0.5%
7 R 4.34% -0.2%
8 TypeScript 2.88% +0.3%
9 Swift 2.3% +0.1%
10 Objective-C 2.13% -0.1%
11 Rust 2.08% +0.8%
12 Go 1.95% +0.4%
13 Kotlin 1.77% +0.1%
14 Matlab 1.63% -0.2%
15 Ruby 1.04% +0.2%
16 Ada 1.02% +0.4%
17 VBA 0.95% +0.1%
18 Powershell 0.95% +0.2%
19 Dart 0.78% +0.1%
20 Scala 0.78% +0.2%
21 Visual Basic 0.61% +0.1%
22 Lua 0.59% +0.1%
23 Abap 0.48% +0.1%
24 Cobol 0.4% +0.2%
25 Julia 0.4% +0.0%
26 Groovy 0.37% -0.0%
27 Perl 0.36% +0.1%
28 Haskell 0.32% +0.1%
29 Delphi/Pascal 0.16% +0.1%



Let’s dive in and see what are the top programming languages with the largest developer communities this year.



Python, the king of programming languages, is regarded as the future of programming languages and is making a strong showing on the market. Python is a very versatile, simple and a powerful option. It is used not only to create applications and websites but to automate daily tasks and processes. It is perhaps the most user-friendly language, used for a range of routine activities including managing finances since it is very simple to learn. Python’s syntax is intuitive, clear, and almost English-like.

Online giants like Google, Instagram, Pinterest, Youtube, NASA use Python for development.


Java, a force in today’s digital world. It is one of the most powerful programming languages. More than 3 billion devices utilize Java in artificial intelligence, desktop applications, web development, mobile applications, cloud applications, and more. One of the oldest languages, created back in 1995. It is the main language used behind Android. Features: object-oriented programming, high level of security and huge number of open-source libraries.

Companies that use JAVA in their development process are Netflix, Google, Adobe, Airbnb, Spotify, Amazon.


According to Stack Overflow’s Developer Study for 2022, JS is the most popular language among developers for the tenth year in a row. JavaScript is a friendly language for beginners due to its flexible syntax and it is crucial to front-end web development. This is a functional programming language, used for web pages and non-browser environments.

Companies like Microsoft, PayPal, Uber, Twitter, Gmail and Facebook use JavaScript to create interactive web pages and dynamically display content to users. It is a great language that allows creating rich interfaces, it is very fast and used everywhere on the web. Investing in JavaScript training might be a great professional move to make in 2023.


Microsoft created C# back in 2000. This is a programming language that runs on the .NET framework. This is a general-purpose language which makes it a very good choice for many projects. A highly demand simple and fast language with great integrity and interoperability. C# can also be used to create interactive APIs if you want to provide data service to other developers or applications. Perfect for Windows, Android, and iOS apps. Top choice for mobile and video games. C# and C++ are the languages used for the Unity engine.

It has been a choice for many leading companies like Accenture, Delivery Hero, Stack Overflow etc.


They look familiar but the difference is significant. C is a middle level language; C++ is a high-level one. C/C++ is used as a foundation for understanding other languages. C++ is the extension of the C programming language. It is frequently used to create desktop applications, GUI applications, 3D games and real-time mathematical answers. A popular choice when it comes to creating games, animations and mobile apps. C++ provides excellent tools for managing complex and large projects.

It is used by LinkedIn, Opera, NASA, Evernote and Facebook.


PHP is one of the initial server-side languages. It is best suited for web development and can be embedded with HTML. PHP is open source and it is extremely user-friendly for new developers. Easy to learn, faster than other scripting languages, highly secure to prevent threats. Currently PHP developers are in great demand and it looks like the language will maintain its significance in the next years. The majority of mobile applications are created using PHP and its coding skills. Nowadays, it has become more common to construct healthcare applications with PHP.

Websites like Slack, MailChimp, Wikipedia, Yahoo, and Facebook run on PHP.


One of the most used programming languages among developers. TypeScript is a syntactic superset of JavaScript that adds static typing. This basically means that TypeScript adds syntax on top of JavaScript, allowing developers to add types. TypeScript is allowing to specify the types of data being passed around within the code, and has the ability to report errors. For example, TypeScript will report an error when passing a string into a function that expects a number. JavaScript will not. It uses compile time type checking, therefore checks if the specified types match before running the code, not while running the code.

Slack, Accenture, Kavak, Asana use TypeScript in their tech stack.


Swift is a powerful and intuitive programming language developed by Apple in 2010 and released in 2014. It is used for iOS, iPadOS, macOS, tvOS, and watchOS. Writing Swift code is interactive and fun, the syntax is concise yet expressive. Swift includes modern features loved by developers. Code is safe by design and produces software runs lightning-fast.

Apple isn’t going anywhere as a tech industry leader, and iOS apps continue to be the most profitable in the mobile app marketplace. If you are interested in Apple products and mobile app development, Swift is a very good programming language to consider.

Startups using Swift are Uber, Glovo, DoorDash, Asana, Robinhood and more.


Go is the language created by Google and it is fast. It was built for speed and it is considered to be among the fastest programming languages in 2022. Go is an open-source language, and ambitious developers can see their personal contributions adopted and enjoyed by programmers worldwide. Go is perfect language for building web servers, data pipelines, and machine-learning packages. It facilitates AI and data science processes.

Huge companies like Google, Dropbox, SoundCloud and Twitch use

It’s decision time – choose your coding path!

The IT sector is changing and evolving every day. It is exciting to see the new tech trends which emerge on the market. We have shown here just a number of the most popular language trends at the moment. Whatever your interests or needs are, the tech world has plenty of possibilities for you to choose from.

If you are a company looking to expand your IT Development team to Poland, get in touch with us and we will help you do the magic. We have a strong network of skilled professionals who can help you achieve your business goals.

If you are a developer looking for a new rocking experience – get in touch with us and send your CV to info@itselecta.com – We will be happy to discuss exciting opportunities.